Eczema is itchy, red, and dry skin caused by inflammation. As many as 30 million Americans are believed to suffer from some form of eczema. Babies often have eczema on the face, especially the cheeks and chin. They can also have it on the scalp, trunk (chest and back), and outer arms and legs. Children and adults tend to have eczema on the neck, wrists, and ankles, and in areas that bend, like the inner elbow and knee. People with eczema are usually diagnosed with it when they are babies or young children. Eczema symptoms often become less severe as children grow into adults. But for some people, eczema continues into adulthood. Less often, it can start in adulthood. The rash of eczema is different for each person. It might even look different or affect different parts of your body from time to time. It can be mild, moderate, or severe. Eczema is also known for its intense itch. People who have eczema should keep their skin hydrated and their finger nails short to avoid scratching and making the rash worse.
Psoriasis is not just a skin condition – it is an autoimmune disease that causes raised, red, scaly patches to appear anywhere on the skin, but typically on the outside of the elbows, knees or scalp. Psoriasis is itchy, and it burns and stings. A rash that won’t go away could be psoriasis. Psoriasis is similar to eczema, but where eczema tends to be flat with poorly-defined edges, psoriasis patches, or plaques, are well-defined. Eczema typically occurs on the front of the elbows or behind the knees, while psoriasis is most often found on the outside of knees and elbows, the scalp, the lower back, the face, the palms and the soles of feet as well as the fingernails, toenails, genitals and inside the mouth. If you think you might have psoriasis, you should consult your doctor.
Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States. Acne, or acne vulgaris, starts when oil and dead skin cells clog up pores, causing blackheads, blemishes, whiteheads, pimples or zits. A few red spots, or pimples, is a mild outbreak. Severe acne can mean hundreds of pimples that covering the face, neck, chest, and back, or bigger, solid, painful red lumps (cysts). The pimples and bumps heal slowly, but when one begins to go away, others seem to crop up. Effective treatments are available, but acne can be persistent. Acne is most common among teenagers, with a reported prevalence of 70 to 87 percent. Increasingly, younger children are getting acne as well. It is important that you treat acne and don’t just leave it to heal itself. Neglecting acne can lead to dark spots and permanent scars, and can be emotionally upsetting, especially for teenagers. The earlier you start treatment, the lower the risk of lasting physical and emotional damage.
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that appears as redness on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead. It flares up and then goes away. In some cases, rosacea may also occur on the neck, chest, scalp or ears. Over time, the redness tends to become ruddier and more persistent, and visible blood vessels may appear. Left untreated, bumps and pimples often develop, and in severe cases the nose may grow swollen and bumpy from excess tissue. In many rosacea patients, the eyes are also affected, and will feel irritated and appear watery or bloodshot. Rosacea usually begins after age 30. Individuals with fair skin who tend to flush or blush easily are believed to be at greatest risk for rosacea. The disease is more frequently diagnosed in women, but more severe symptoms tend to be seen in men — perhaps because they often delay seeking medical help until the disorder reaches advanced stages. While there is no cure for rosacea and the cause is unknown, medical therapy is available to control or reverse its signs and symptoms.